Murder, Manslaughter and Homicide 

Vehicular Assault 

Vehicular Homicide 


Sexual Assault (Adult or Child Victim) 

Sexual Exploitation of Children 

Violation of Protection Order - Sexual Assault Case 




Child Abuse 

Domestic Violence 

Crimes Against At Risk Adult or At Risk Juveniles 


Careless Driving Resulting in the Death of Another Per50n 

Failure to Stop at the Scene of an Accident that Results in the Death of Another Person 


Ethnic Intimidation or Bias Motivated Crime 

Retaliation, Intimidation or Tampering of a Victim, Witness, Judge or Juror 

Indecent Exposure 

Human Trafficking (Adult or Child Victim) 

First Degree Burglary 

Any attempt, conspiracy, solicitation or, accessory to the above listed crimes

If  a victim is deceased or incapacitated, these rights may be exercised by  the victim’s spouse, parent, child, sibling, grandparent. grandchild,  significant other, or other lawful representative. 


The  following is a summary of the rights guaranteed by the Victim Rights  Act (VRA). For a complete listing of your rights, please refer to C.R.S.  24-4.1-301 through 24-4.1-304 or you may contact the District  Attorney’s Office.

•  To be treated with fairness, respect and dignity and to have a swift and lair resolution of your case. 

•  To be informed of and present for al critical stages of the Criminal Justice Process. 

•  To be present and heard in court for any bond reduction, reduction or charges, disposition, sentencing or continuances. 

•   To talk with the Deputy District Attorney before the case is resolved  or goes to trial and to be informed of how it is resolved. 

•  To prepare a Victim Impact Statement and to be present at sentencing. 

•  To have restitution ordered. 

•  To pursue a civil judgment against anyone who has committed a crime against you. 

•  To be informed of post-conviction release or modification hearings. 

•  To get your property back quickly after it is no longer needed for prosecution. 

•  To be free of intimidation, harassment or abuse. 

•  To be informed of the status of the case and any scheduling changes or cancellations, if known in advance. 

•  To be informed of Victim Compensation. 

•   Upon request, to be informed when a person accused or convicted of the  crime is released from custody, is paroled, escapes or absconds. 

•  Upon written request to be Informed of and heard at any reconsideration of sentence. 

•  To be informed of the process for enforcing complaints with victim’s rights.

•  To be informed of the results of any HIV testing that is ordered and performed. 

To view, at the discretion of the District Attorney, all or a portion of the presentence report from the Probation Department. 

•  The right to know if an offender is referred to Community Corrections. 

•   The right to be informed of the filing of a petition by the  perpetrator of the offense to terminate sex offender registration.


•  Cases are often resolved without the victim having to testify. 

•   You may get a subpoena to testify, if this happens can the Victim  Assistance Program and someone will talk with you about what may happen  in court 

•   You should not be fired or disciplined for coming to Court or being  involved with the Prosecution of your case. We can talk with your  employer or school official about your appearances in Court

•  You can see the Courtroom before your scheduled court date.


• If you have to testify, a separate waiting area win be provided so the defendant will not have contact with you. 

•   There can be a condition on the defendant’s bond that he/she cannot  have any contact with you. If this condition is violated, can your local  Law Enforcement agency and the Victim Advocate assigned to your case. 

• If you have questions or concerns regarding security, please call the Victim Advocate. 

For more information regarding restraining orders, please contact your local Courthouse and/or the Victim Assistance Program.


Arraignment/First  Appearance: The process whereby a defendant is brought before the court  and is told what his/her rights are and the charges against him/her. At  this point a plea of guilty or not guilty is entered. The defendant can  request a jury trial at this time. 

Bond/Bail:  After a person has been arrested, he/she has a constitutional right to  bond or bail. The consideration for bond is determined by the  probability that the defendant will return for his/her hearing and  trial. The amount of bond or bail reflects the seriousness of the crime,  the type, amount and conditions of the bond are set by the Court.

Continuance:  A continuance is a postponement of a hearing or trial to a later date. A  continuance can be requested by either the Prosecution (District  Attorney) or the Defense but can only be granted by the Court. The  defendant is guaranteed a speedy trial by the Constitution, therefore a  continuance can only be granted beyond the speedy trial date if the  defendant waives that right 

Motions  Hearing: A “motion” is a legal document in which the Prosecutor or  defense attorney asks the Judge to rule on some aspect of the case (for  example, prohibiting the use of evidence or requiring one side to  release information to the other side). At a motions hearing, each side  can present arguments for or against the motions and call witnesses to  support their positions after which the Judge Rules. 

Preliminary  Hearing: Preliminary Hearings are held in felony cases to determine if  there is probable cause to believe that the offense was committed by the  defendant “Probable Cause” means a greater than 50% chance the crime  was committed by the defendant and is a much less burden of proof than  required at trial. If, during a preliminary hearing, probable cause is  not established, the charges are dismissed and the defendant is  released. 

Pre-Trial  Conference: A pre-trial conference is a process used in the court  system to reach a disposition in a case before the case goes to trial.  At this time, plea negotiations may take place in an effort to have the  defendant plead to the charges against him/her.

Restitution:  State law allows the prosecutor to request restitution (repayment for a  victim’s tosses) as part of the sentence of any defendant who is found  guilty of a crime. If you have losses due to the crime (such as repair  costs, medical bills or stolen/damaged property) you must provide the  Victim Assistance Program with information and documentation on your out  of pocket expenses. 

Sentencing  Hearing: After the defendant has pled guilty or has been found guilty  by a jury or the court, a sentencing hearing is scheduled. This hearing  is set approximately six (6) six weeks after an entry of plea or trial.  It is at the sentencing hearing that the victim Impact Statement and  Pre-Sentencing Report (PSI) are submitted and the Judge makes a decision  on what penalty will be assessed against the defendant 

Sequestration:  A sequestration order is a court order to exclude witnesses from the  courtroom while another witness testifies. Witnesses are ordered not to  talk to the defendant(s) or witnesses about the case. 

Subpoena: A subpoena is an official court order requiring you to appear in court at the time and place indicated. 

Trial:  The purpose of a trial is to determine n the evidence presented has  proven beyond a reasonable doubt’ that the defendant committed the crime  charged. The defendant’s guilt or innocence will be determined by  either a Judge (court trial) or a Jury (jury trial). 

We hope that this information has helped you in understanding the Court System.


Always tell the truth 

Dress Neatly 

Do not memorize 

Be prepared 

Answer the question 

Understand the question before answering 

Be courteous 

Do not lose your temper 

If you hear an objection, stop talking 

Be prepared to wait 

Look at the Jury 

Testify truthfully 


The  defendant’s attorney or investigator may attempt to contact you to  discuss the case. You are under no legal obligation to speak with  him/her. It is your choice as to whether or not you wish to discuss the  case with Defense Counsel.

In  some cases, the District Attorney or one of her Deputy District  Attorney’s will request an informal conference/meeting with the  victim/witness involved. The purpose of the conference/meeting is to  introduce the District Attorney or Deputy District Attorney to the  State’s victim/witness and clarify points or testimony. The  conference/meeting will provide you with an opportunity to ask questions  and express your interests in the case and the upcoming hearing. You  are not legally required to attend such meetings, however attendance is  recommended. The purpose of such meetings is to provide you with a clear  understanding of the need for your complete cooperation in the case and  your appearance in Court, as well as help the District Attorney prepare  for the case.